December 16, 2005
Largely in response
to public criticism of the original design of the Flight 93
National Memorial, a new plan was unveiled on November 30th.
The memorial is dedicated to the passengers and crew of the
United Airlines Flight that crashed in Shanksville, Penn.,
on September 11, 2001 and designed by Los Angeles-based Paul
The first scheme,
unveiled in September, was known as the Crescent of Embrace,
a reference to a curving, crescent-shaped landform that reinforces
the natural topography surrounding the crash site. It drew
criticism from some politicians and religious groups for references
to the crescent, a symbol also associated with Islamic religion
In the revised
design, the ends of the crescent-shaped landform were extended
along the western edge of the site to form a circle, and renamed
40 Memorial Groves, placing emphasis on its forty commemorative
groves, one for each person who perished aboard Flight 93.
Now, most critics
have retracted their opposition. The planning process will
conclude in Spring 2006 when the National Park Service will
release its final General Management Plan for the site.