April 8, 2005
Interior of Tange's Museum
of Asian Arts in Nice
©Bernard Annebicque/ Corbis Sygma
On March 22, 2005, architect Kenzo Tange,
91, passed away at his Tokyo home. Tange will be remembered
for his accomplishments both as an educator and as an architect.
Born in Osaka in 1913, Tange graduated from the Department
of Architecture of the University of Tokyo in 1938. After
working for Maekawa Kunio, he went back to school as a graduate
student in urban planning. In 1963 he returned as a professor
to his alma mater where his students included Fumihiko Maki,
Arata Isozaki and Kisho Kurokawa.
A prolific designer, Tange established himself as a leader
in the field with the 1955 completion of the Hiroshima Peace
Center, a Modernist masterpiece that memorialized the citys
decimation by the atomic bomb. Tanges swirling concrete
stadium for the 1964 Tokyo Olympics, was a marvelous feat
of engineering that became a symbol of Japans post-war
prosperity. In 1990,Tokyo City Hall, a 48- story pair of towers,
became an instant landmark in a city where individual buildings
rarely stand out.
The recipient of numerous prizes and awards both within Japan
and around the world, Tange received the AIA Gold Medal in
1966, the Pritzker Architecture Prize in 1987 and Japans
Praemium Imperiale in 1993.